The right PSI for semi-truck tires is a subject often debated within the trucking community. However, how much PSI in semi truck tires largely depends on the truck, the tires, and the maximum load.
It’s important to note that there are a number of factors that have an impact on what PSI you should be using.
More often than not, you can look up the tire manufacturer’s recommendation as a baseline. Then make allowances for the conditions you’ll be driving in, load weight, and some other factors.
What we do know for sure, is that if you do not have the right PSI in your truck tires you will reduce the life of your tires and increase fuel consumption.
If the PSI is overinflated, you risk a tire blowout and can lose control over your truck. If you are unsure of your tire’s max air pressure – you can find it stamped on the tire’s sidewall.
Additionally, another reason to avoid blowing a tire is that, if they were found to be overinflated, you risk voiding your warranty.
PSI stands for Pound Per Square Inch. It’s a way of measuring units of pressure or stress being applied to an area or surface per an area of one square inch.
This is the metric of choice for tires as it’s the most accurate way of knowing how inflated a tire is. It’s also easy to check and adjust, so spending a little time understanding PSI is essential for truck drivers.
The easiest and most common way truck drivers check the PSI on their tires is using a tire pressure gauge.
Tire pressure gauges come in various shapes and sizes, but the way you use them is always the same. You simply push the end onto the air valve on a tire, as you open the valve the pressure inside the tire will register on the gauge.
The reason for this is because the temperature of the tire can affect the PSI. More specifically because the air inside the tires contracts in colder temperatures and expands when hotter.
For the most accurate results, you should test the pressure at the same time and under the same conditions as regularly as possible.
This is a commonly asked question, yet there is no one-size-fits-all answer. The right PSI for a truck’s tires depends on a number of factors, such as:
To get an accurate answer to what PSI you should have in your tires, you’ll need to know your driver load and the exact size and model of tire you have on your truck.
You can then look up the recommended PSI from your manufacturer’s handbook or look it up online. Additionally, as mentioned earlier, you can also find the max air pressure on the sidewall of your tires.
It’s important to not guess or assume the right tire pressure. The implications and risks of having the wrong PSI can be costly.
Rubber compounding is the formulation of certain chemicals added to rubber to create the material used to make tires.
The exact ingredients vary slightly from manufacturer to manufacturer. However, generally speaking, commercial truck tires are made from a mix of:
Compound development goes through a number of processes during manufacturing. The end result is a high-performance, durable tire that’s designed to handle everything the road can throw at it.
On occasion, however, you may notice signs of degradation of one or more of your tires. This is often due to compound failure.
This may be due to an error during the manufacturing process, wear and damage accumulated from use, or a combination of the two.
If you’ve ever looked at a blown tire, you may have seen shredded or splintered ends. This often means compounding failed within the tire, causing the rubber to not bind properly.
This often has an effect on the temperature or pressure the rubber is able to sustain. Which results in a blowout under stress levels a perfectly manufactured tire would be able to handle.
Tires are also designed to be run at the specified PSI. If you consistently run your tires at an incorrect PSI, they’re much more likely to wear quicker, often unevenly, and are more prone to failing.
To make sure you’re running on the correct PSI so your tires stay in good condition as long as possible, here are some basic tire maintenance tips:
The more often you check the PSI on your tires, the more accurately you’ll know it’s correct. This is also a good way to spot a sudden drop in pressure before heading out on the road and risking a blowout.
The safer you drive, the longer your tires will last and the more consistent the PSI will be. Sudden braking and driving on bumps at a high rate of speed can all affect the PSI of a tire.
It’s good practice to rotate the tires on your truck every according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
As you can see, the right PSI for semi-truck tires varies depending on a number of factors.
Unfortunately, we can’t tell you the correct PSI for your truck tires without knowing more about your truck. Stop by for semi-truck tire service in Acampo, CA the next time you need to take care of your rig.
LubeZone is the fastest growing dedicated semi-truck service in the United States with locations in Texas, California, Oklahoma and Georgia. Our preventative maintenance solutions are designed to get the professional driver back on the road FAST.